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Research and References of Asperger syndrome

Research and References of Asperger Syndrome

Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger disorder (AD), is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development. Although not required for diagnosis, physical clumsiness and atypical (peculiar, odd) use of language are frequently reported.

The syndrome is named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, studied and described children in his practice who lacked nonverbal communication skills, demonstrated limited empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy. The modern conception of Asperger syndrome came into existence in 1981[4] and went through a period of popularization, becoming standardized as a diagnosis in the early 1990s. Many questions remain about aspects of the disorder. There is doubt about whether it is distinct from high-functioning autism (HFA); partly because of this, its prevalence is not firmly established.[1] It has been decided that the diagnosis of Asperger’s be eliminated in DSM-5, to be replaced by a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder on a severity scale.[ The exact cause is unknown. Although research suggests the likelihood of a genetic basis, there is no known genetic cause and brain imaging techniques have not identified a clear common pathology. There is no single treatment, and the effectiveness of particular interventions is supported by only limited data. Intervention is aimed at improving symptoms and function. The mainstay of management is behavioral therapy, focusing on specific deficits to address poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness. Most children improve as they mature to adulthood, but social and communication difficulties may persist. Some researchers and people with Asperger’s have advocated a shift in attitudes toward the view that it is a difference, rather than a disability that must be treated or cured

Research and References of Asperger syndrome

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  • Brasic JR, Holland JA. A qualitative and quantitative review of obstetric complications and autistic disorder. J Dev Phys Disabil. 2007;19:337-64.
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  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Identification and Evaluation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics. Nov; 2007;120(5):1183-1215. [Full Text].
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Research and References of Autism

Research and References of Autism

Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met. Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) manifests in early childhood and is characterized by qualitative abnormalities in social interactions, markedly aberrant communication skills, and restricted repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities (RRBs)

Research and References of Austism

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Autism Medication and Pharmacologic Treatment

Autism Medication and Pharmacologic Treatment

Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met. Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) manifests in early childhood and is characterized by qualitative abnormalities in social interactions, markedly aberrant communication skills, and restricted repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities (RRBs).

The established therapies for autistic disorder are nonpharmacologic. These therapies may include behavioral, educational, and psychological treatment. No pharmacologic agent is effective in the treatment of the core behavioral manifestations of autistic disorder. However, medication may be effective in the treatment of comorbid disorders, including self-injurious behaviors and movement disorders.

Pharmacologic Treatment

Although 70% of children with autism spectrum disorder receive medications, only limited evidence exists that the beneficial effects outweigh the adverse effects.[121] No pharmacologic agent is effective in the treatment of the core behavioral manifestations of autistic disorder, but drugs may be effective in treating associated behavioral problems and comorbid disorders.

The second-generation antipsychotic agents risperidone and aripiprazole provide beneficial effects on challenging and repetitive behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder, although these patients may experience significant adverse effects.[122] Risperidone and aripiprazole have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for irritability associated with autistic disorder. The second-generation antipsychotic agent ziprasidone may help to control aggression, irritability, and agitation.

Serotonergic drugs are reportedly beneficial for improving behavior in autism. Hyperactivity often improves with methylphenidate therapy.

Additionally, treatments may be indicated for an underlying condition. For example, children with biotin-responsive infantile encephalopathy improve with the addition of biotin.

SSRIs Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely prescribed for children with autism and related conditions. Beneficial effects on children and adolescents with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders have been reported with fluoxetine,escitalopram,and citalopram

On the other hand, a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial by King and colleagues in 149 children with autism spectrum disorders found no difference between citalopram and placebo among children rated as much improved or very much improved. Participants in the treatment arm received liquid citalopram daily for 12 weeks at a mean maximum daily dose of 16.5 mg (maximum 20 mg). Nearly all the citalopram recipients reported adverse effects (eg, impulsiveness, hyperactivity, diarrhea).

  • Serotonin syndrome Children with autistic disorder are at risk of developing a serotonin syndrome when treated with serotonergic agents. Therefore, children who are treated with serotonergic agents should be evaluated at baseline before beginning treatment and then regularly evaluated for symptoms of a serotonin syndrome using the serotonin syndrome checklist. See the image below for a printable version.

Adverse effects and treatment efficacy

Children with autistic disorder appear sensitive to medication and may experience serious adverse effects that outweigh any beneficial effects. For example, children may develop catatonia when treated with haloperidol and other traditional neuroleptics. Additionally, Kem et al noted priapism in an adolescent with autism who was treated with trazodone.[129]

Practice guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics stress the importance of having some quantifiable means of assessing the efficacy of medication used for the treatment of children with autism. Validated, treatment-sensitive rating scales that have been used in clinical practice to measure the effects of treatment on maladaptive behavior include the Clinical Global Impression Scale, the Aberrant Behavior Checklist, and the Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form.

  • Secretin therapy Several anecdotal reports suggested that secretin, a gastrointestinal hormone that may function as a neurotransmitter, was an effective intervention for the symptoms of autism. This led to several scientific studies of secretin for children with autism spectrum disorders.However, 2 reviews of these trials failed to demonstrate that secretin had a beneficial effect on these children.
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy Beneficial effects from hyperbaric oxygen therapy have been reported in 6 patients with autism. The risks of this procedure must be weighed against the benefits for individual patients. Controlled clinical trials and other studies are needed to confirm the potential value of this intervention

Second-Generation Antipsychotics The atypical antipsychotic agents risperidone and aripiprazole have been approved by the FDA for irritability associated with autistic disorders.

  • Risperidone (Risperdal, Risperdal Consta, Risperdal M-Tab) Risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic agent that is indicated for irritability associated with autistic disorder in children and adolescents aged 5-16 years. Risperidone is a mixed serotonin-dopamine antagonist that binds to 5-HT2 with very high affinity and binds to the dopamine D2 receptor with less affinity. Affinity for the dopamine D2 receptor is 20 times lower than that for the 5-HT2 receptor.  The combination of serotonin antagonism and dopamine antagonism is thought to improve negative symptoms of psychoses and reduce the incidence of extrapyramidal side effects in comparison with conventional antipsychotics.
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify, Abilify Discmelt) ,Aripiprazole is indicated for irritability associated with autistic disorder in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Aripiprazole is thought to be a partial dopamine (D2) and serotonin (5-HT1A) agonist, and to antagonize serotonin (5-HT2A). Aripiprazole is available as a tablet, an orally disintegrating tablet, or an oral solution.
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon) Ziprasidone, a second-generation antipsychotic drug, is used off-label to treat serious behavior disorders associated with autism, such as self-injurious behavior. It elicits its effects through antagonism of D2, D3, 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, 5-HT1A, 5-HT1D, and alpha1-adrenergic receptors. In addition, it has a moderate antagonistic effect for histamine H1. It moderately inhibits the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine.

SSRI Antidepressants SSRIs are widely prescribed for children with autism or a related condition. These agents are used off-label to help with intractable repetitive behaviors, such as compulsion.

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac) Fluoxetine selectively inhibits presynaptic serotonin reuptake, with minimal or no effect on the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine.
  • Citalopram (Celexa) Citalopram enhances serotonin activity by selective reuptake inhibition of serotonin at the neuronal membrane. Dose-dependent QT prolongation has been reported with citalopram.[136, 137] . This agent is contraindicated in patients with congenital long QT syndrome.
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro) Escitalopram is an S-enantiomer of citalopram. The mechanism of action is thought to be potentiation of serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS), resulting from the inhibition of CNS neuronal reuptake of serotonin.

Stimulants

Stimulants may be effective for treating hyperactivity associated with autism. The magnitude of response, however, is less than that seen in developmentally normal children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Ritalin SR, Ritalin LA, Concerta) Methylphenidate is thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space. Methylphenidate is a racemic mixture composed of the d- and l-enantiomers. The d-enantiomer is more pharmacologically active than the l-enantiomer.

References:

  • James Robert Brasic,Autism  http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/912781-overview
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatrics. 2007 Nov;120(5):1183-1215. Available at http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/120/5/1162.full.
  • Oswald DP, Sonenklar NA. Medication use among children with autism spectrum disorders. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. Jun 2007;17(3):348-55.
  • McPheeters ML, Warren Z, Sathe N, Bruzek JL, Krishnaswami S, Jerome RN, et al. A systematic review of medical treatments for children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. May 2011;127(5):e1312-21.
  • McDougle CJ, Kem DL, Posey DJ. Case series: use of ziprasidone for maladaptive symptoms in youths with autism. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Aug 2002;41(8):921-7.
  • Hollander E, Phillips A, Chaplin W, Zagursky K, Novotny S, Wasserman S, et al. A placebo controlled crossover trial of liquid fluoxetine on repetitive behaviors in childhood and adolescent autism. Neuropsychopharmacology. Mar 2005;30(3):582-9.
  • Owley T, Walton L, Salt J, Guter SJ Jr, Winnega M, Leventhal BL, et al. An open-label trial of escitalopram in pervasive developmental disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Apr 2005;44(4):343-8.
  • Namerow LB, Thomas P, Bostic JQ, Prince J, Monuteaux MC. Use of citalopram in pervasive developmental disorders. J Dev Behav Pediatr. Apr 2003;24(2):104-8.
  • Couturier JL, Nicolson R. A retrospective assessment of citalopram in children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorders. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. Fall 2002;12(3):243-8.
  • King BH, Hollander E, Sikich L, McCracken JT, Scahill L, Bregman JD, et al. Lack of efficacy of citalopram in children with autism spectrum disorders and high levels of repetitive behavior: citalopram ineffective in children with autism. Arch Gen Psychiatry. Jun 2009;66(6):583-90.
  • Kem DL, Posey DJ, McDougle CJ. Priapism associated with trazodone in an adolescent with autism. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Jul 2002;41(7):758.

 

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Kumpulan Artikel Kesehatan Kompas dan Kompasiana Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician

Kumpulan Artikel Kesehatan Kompas dan Kompasiana Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician

Kompasiana adalah blog jurnalis Kompas yang bertransformasi menjadi sebuah media warga (citizen media). Di sini, setiap orang dapat mewartakan peristiwa, menyampaikan pendapat dan gagasan serta menyalurkan aspirasi dalam bentuk tulisan, gambar ataupun rekaman audio dan video. Kompasiana menampung beragam konten dari semua lapisan masyarakat dari beragam latar belakang budaya, hobi, profesi dan kompetensi. Kompasiana juga melibatkan kalangan jurnalis Kompas Gramedia dan para tokoh masyarakat, pengamat serta pakar dari berbagai bidang, keahlian dan disiplin ilmu untuk ikut berbagi informasi, pendapat dan gagasan.

Di Kompasiana, setiap orang didorong menjadi seorang pewarta warga yang, atas nama dirinya sendiri, melaporkan peristiwa yang dialami atau terjadi di sekitarnya. Keterlibatan aktif warga ini diharapkan dapat mempercepat arus informasi dan memperkuat pondasi demokratisasi dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Tren jurnalisme warga seperti ini sudah mewabah di banyak negara maju sebagai konsekuensi dari lahirnya web 2.0 yang memungkinkan masyarakat pengguna internet (netizen) menempatkan dan menayangkan konten dalam bentuk teks, foto dan video.

Kompasianer adalah sebutan untuk orang-orang yang beraktifitas di Kompasiana juga dapat menyampaikan gagasan, pendapat, ulasan maupun tanggapan sepanjang tidak melanggar ketentuan yang berlaku. Setiap konten yang tayang di Kompasiana menjadi tanggungjawab Kompasianer yang menempatkannya.

KUMPULAN ARTIKEL KESEHATAN KOMPASIANER DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO, pediatrician

Artikel kesehatan

  1. Waspadai Psikopat “Vickinisasi” di Sekitar Wanita
  2. 10 Mitos Kesehatan yang Tidak Pernah Terbukti Kebenarannya
  3. Tangani Nyeri Sendi atau Rhematoid Artritis Bukan Sekedar Dengan Obat
  4. Anak dengan Teman Fantasi, Normal atau Tidak Normal?
  5. Perkembangan Normal dan Stimulasi Dini Fungsi Pendengaran Bayi
  6. Perkembangan Normal dan Stimulasi Dini Kemampuan Penglihatan Bayi
  7. 10 Jenis Radikal Bebas Ancam Manusia
  8. Anak GER (Mudah Muntah), Cermati Gangguan Oral Motor
  9. Benarkah Anak Sulit Makan Karena Kebanyakan Susu?
  10. Inilah 13 Nutrisi Penting, Tingkatkan Kecerdasan Anak
  11. 8 Cara Stimulasi Kecerdasan Multipel Pada Bayi
  12. Tindakan Berlebihan CT Scan Anak, Waspadai Dampaknya
  13. Manifestasi Klinis Influenza A virus H7 N9 Serta Penanganannya
  14. Waspadai 10 Kondisi Kehamilan Penyebab Gangguan Janin
  15. Tindakan Berlebihan Saat Demam pada Anak
  16. Pentingnya Second Opinion ke Dokter Lain
  17. 6 Cara Memilih Guru Spiritual yang Baik
  18. 10 Penyakit Paling Berbahaya Pada Anak
  19. 20 Tanda dan Gejala Alergi Salah Dipersepsikan
  20. 5 Kondisi Yang Perlu dan Tidak Perlu Antibiotika
  21. Gangguan Emosi Pada Anak Kurus atau Sulit Makan
  22. 5 Tindakan Medis Berlebihan dalam Dunia Kesehatan Indonesia
  23. 10 Kesalahan Diagnosis Paling Sering Terjadi
  24. 10 Kesalahan Diagnosis Paling Sering Terjadi
  25. Daffodil Study Dihujat, Dampak Kampanye ASI Yang Menghebat
  26. Tragisnya Love In Paris di ICU
  27. 15 Penyebab Muntah dan 15 Obat Muntah
  28. 5 Penyakit Jantung Bawaan dan Pencegahannya
  29. 15 Mitos dan Kontroversi Anak Picky Eaters dan Sulit Makan
  30. 10 Gangguan “Normal” pada Anak Usia 6 Bulan-5 Tahun
  31. 13 Gangguan Anatomis dan Fungsi Otak Penderita Autisme
  32. Obati Diare Anak Bukan Dengan Antibiotika
  33. Rekomendasi dan Petunjuk Aman Berenang Untuk Bayi dan Anak
  34. Susu Formula Terbaik, Bukan Terkenal Termahal Disukai
  35. Waspadai Pemberian Air Putih Pada Bayi
  36. Mitos Salah: Tumbuh Gigi Penyebab Demam, Diare dan Pipi Merah
  37. Terbukti Ilmiah, Madu Obat Batuk untuk Anak
  38. Gangguan Saluran Cerna Pada Bayi dan Dampak Yang Menyertai
  39. Kenali Gangguan Sensoris Pada Anak
  40. Nyeri Pada Bayi, Penanganan dan Dampak Jangka Panjangnya
  41. Benarkah Aku Alergi Debu?
  42. Benarkah Aku Alergi Dingin?
  43. Dampak dan Penanganan Terlambat Berjalan, Normalkah Anakku ?
  44. Waspadai Infeksi Rotavirus Ancam Anak Setiap Pertengahan Tahun
  45. Inilah Klinik Terhebat, Sakit Berat Apapun Sembuh Sekejap
  46. Heboh Susu Sapi Berbahaya dan Tidak Layak Dikonsumsi
  47. Ketika Tempe Menjadi Barang Mewah
  48. 20 Mukjizat Puasa terhadap Kesehatan Manusia
  49. Bayi “Over Aktif” dan Alergi, Mudah Jatuh Dari Tempat Tidur
  50. 10 Kampanye Hitam Merokok Itu Aman dan Sehat
  51. Bila Bayiku Gagal Tumbuh Saat minum ASI
  52. Aku Ingin Anakku Gagal
  53. Pink Eye, Mata Merah yang Tidak Perlu Antibiotika
  54. Kejang Demam Anak, Jangan Diremehkan Jangan Berlebihan
  55. Anak Balita Jakarta Terancam Wabah Flu Singapura
  56. Bioresonansi, Tes Alergi yang Tidak Direkomendasikan
  57. Lion Air Si “Pesawat Maut”, 60-70% Dikemudikan “Pilot Narkoba”?
  58. Jangan Abaikan Lingkar Kepala dan Ubun-Ubun Anak
  59. Bercak Merah Saat Anak Demam Tidak Harus Campak
  60. Susu Kambing dan Hipoalergenik Parsial Bukan untuk Alergi Susu Sapi
  61. Gangguan Fungsi Pencernaan dan Sulit Makan, Dianggap Normal
  62. Pejabat Psikopat, Tes Kejiwaan Bisa Cegah Korupsi
  63. Jaga Kebersihan, Hepatitis A Mewabah di Sekitar Kita
  64. Difteri Mengancam, Lihat Satus Imunisasi Anak
  65. Ketika Anak Jadi Korban Blackberry Orang Tua
  66. Kanker Pankreas, Paling Mematikan dan Sulit Dideteksi
  67. Biarlah Badai Kecil Menerpa Anak Kita
  68. Stroke Usia Muda Meningkat, Gaya Hidup Tidak Sehat
  69. Jaga Kesehatan Anak Saat Lebaran
  70. Bukti Ilmiah Handphone Sebabkan Gangguan Infertilitas
  71. Sindrom Kleine-Levin, Penderita Bisa Tertidur Sebulan
  72. Tinjauan Medis Puasa pada Anak
  73. Sindrom Steven Johnson, Sebuah Malpraktek?
  74. Menyusui Saat Puasa, Oke
  75. Sakit yang Tidak Diperbolehkan Puasa
  76. Mukjizat Puasa dalam Tinjauan Ilmiah
  77. Terapi Rel Kereta Dalam Perspektif Medis
  78. Tangis di Pesta Hari Anak Indonesia
  79. Ancaman Pornografi di Tengah Hari Anak Indonesia
  80. Waspadai Cacing Masuk Otak Manusia
  81. Langkanya Kejujuran, Merampas Kepolosan Dunia Anak
  82. Apel Paling Terkontaminasi Pestisida, Pilih Yang Aman
  83. Bahasa Isyarat, Sebagai Stimulasi Perkembangan Anak
  84. Keringat Darah, Kelainan Darah Misterius
  85. Ganasnya Wabah E Coli di Eropa, Indonesia Harus Waspada
  86. Anak Kota, Melimpah Sarana Rendah Prestasi Sekolah
  87. Anna Karenina, Novel Legendaris Terbaik Sepanjang Masa
  88. Saatnya Dunia Sadar Bahaya Antibiotika
  89. Pornografi, Keindahan yang Berdampak Buruk
  90. Jalan 3000 Langkah Sehari Jauhkan Penyakit
  91. Pornografi Internet Ancam Anak Indonesia
  92. Bayiku Haus Terus, ASI-ku Kurangkah ?
  93. Banyak Tes Alergi Tidak Direkomendasikan
  94. Alergi Debu, Dingin Atau Alergi Makanan
  95. Mengapa Anakku Kurus dan Sulit Gemuk?
  96. Anakku Cerdas, Tapi Sulit Konsentrasi
  97. Orangtua Modern Abaikan Bahasa Ibu
  98. Ingin Sukses, Tidak Naik Kelaslah
  99. Benarkah Aspartam Tidak Aman ?
  100. Remajaku, Lingkunganmu Penuh Narkoba
  101. Keterlambatan Bicara, Kapankah Harus Dikawatirkan ?
  102. Bahaya Terbesar Minuman Energi Pada Remaja dan Dewasa Muda
  103. Bahaya Jajanan Sekolah yang Selalu Mengancam
  104. Daftar Susu Aman Bebas Bakteri Sakazakii
  105. Daftar Merek Susu Terkontaminasi Sakazakii
  106. Enterobakter Sakazakii, Bakteri Pencemar Susu yang Dihebohkan
  107. Susu Formula Tidak Perlu Diumumkan?
  108. Kenali Bahaya DBD Sejak Dini
  109. Cegah Autis Sejak Sekarang
  110. Cara Bedakan DBD dan Penyakit Lainnya
  111. Waspadai “Heart Attack Adjie Massaid”, Mengancam Anda Juga
  112. Waspadai Penggunaan Antibiotika Berlebihan
  113. Benarkah Anakku Alergi Susu Sapi?
  114. Mengapa Anak Tidak Suka Sayur ?
  115. Waspadai Bukan Tbc, diobati Tbc
  116. Gangguan Penyerta Penderita Asma dan Kontroversinya
  117. Anak adalah Nyawa Tak Berdaya
  118. Tangis Anak, Bukan Sekedar Tangis
  119. Imlekmu adalah Imlekku
  120. kenali Faktor Resiko dan Gejala Autis sejak dini
  121. Stop Rokok atau Anak Anda Menderita
  122. Benarkah Diet Golongan Darah Bermanfaat ?
  123. Mengapa Aku dan Anakku Sering Sakit ?
  124. Anakku Sulit Makan dan Kurus
  125. Fakta Ilmiah MSG Aman
  126. Jangan Terlalu Cepat Percaya Diagnosis Tifus
  127. Mitos Kesehatan Terbesar Masyarakat Indonesia
  128. 10 Mitos Tidak Benar Penyebab Flu, Demam, Batuk dan Pilek
  129. Inilah Susu Formula Terbaik Bagi Anak
  130. Gayus Seorang Psikopat?
  131. Waspadai Penyakit Legionnaire Ancam Indonesia

Politik, Budaya  dan Sosial

  1. DPR, Polisi, dan Pengadilan Juara Korupsi, Justru Profesi Paling Diburu
  2. Jokowi vs Ruhut, Sikap Negarawan Elegan Jokowi Muncul
  3. Benarkah Fenomena Jokowi Melejit Karena Kaderisasi Partai
  4. 10 Mitos Kesehatan yang Tidak Pernah Terbukti Kebenarannya
  5. Benarkah Fenomena Jokowi Meroket Karena Peranan Media ?
  6. Jokowi-Dahlan Iskan, Duet Maut atau Musuh Bebuyutan
  7. Fenomena Jokowi, Antara Fakta dan Mitos
  8. Ahmad Dani, Ayah Favorit Remaja Modern
  9. Kritisisasi Vicky Terhadap Harmonisisasi Koruptor dan Kontroversi Hati KPK
  10. Fenomena Jokowi Karena Karisma
  11. Pesan untuk Dul, Ahmad Dani dan Seluruh Orang Tua di Indonesia
  12. Teror Terhadap Polisi Lagi: Provost Ditembak Mati di Depan KPK
  13. Masih Saja PDIP Berat Hati Terhadap Jokowi
  14. Benarkah Si Dul Tidak Mempunyai SIM?
  15. Anak GER (Mudah Muntah), Cermati Gangguan Oral Motor
  16. Hanya Premanisme Militer yang Bisa Hentikan Premanisme Sipil?
  17. SBY Ketum Simbolik, Masalah Bagi yang Apriori
  18. Palopo, Demokrasi Tidak Siap Kalah Mahal Harganya
  19. 6 Cara Memilih Guru Spiritual yang Baik
  20. Mudahnya Mengungkap Pelaku Penembakan Lapas Cebongan
  21. Kesaktian Eyang Guru dan Irasionalitas Muridnya
  22. Demo 25 Maret, Tidak Cerdas Tapi Kreatif?
  23. Premanisme Militer, Lebih Brutal dan Mengerikan
  24. Boaz Mengejutkan Andik Tak Muncul, Supporter Gigit Jari
  25. Gangguan Emosi Pada Anak Kurus atau Sulit Makan
  26. Habibi Tokoh Paling Inspiratif yang Tergusur
  27. Jakarta Dikepung Banjir, Jakarta Terancam Penyakit
  28. RSBI Dihapus, MK Terjebak Isu Primordial yang Dangkal
  29. Perbedaan Nazarudin dan Angelina Sondahk
  30. MK Hapus RSBI, MK Hapus Liberalisasi Kesehatan
  31. Jokowi Blusukan Oke, SBY Turba Kece
  32. Inilah 10 Inspiring Leadership Tahun 2013
  33. Daffodil Study Dihujat, Dampak Kampanye ASI Yang Menghebat
  34. Tragisnya Love In Paris di ICU
  35. Menunggu Detik-detik Datangnya Kiamat
  36. Strategi Progresif Antisipasi Karamnya Partai Demokrat
  37. Ruhut Ikon Politikus Kontroversial, Terlibas SBY vs Anas
  38. NU, Muhammadiah dan Pemerintah Sepakat Lebaran Jatuh Pada 1 Syawal
  39. Rhoma Irama dan Isu SARA, Bolehkah?
  40. Isu SARA, Siapa Takut?
  41. Pesan Politik Untuk Jokowi dan Foke
  42. Pesan SBY Ditendang, Menteri Parpol Terus Berlenggang
  43. Tidak Ada Pembaharuan Perbedaan Kriteria Hisab Rukyat, Pemerintah Menanggung Deritanya
  44. Jokowi Selalu Oke-Foke Selalu Salah, Anugerah Karisma
  45. Ketika TVOne dan Tokoh Nasional Berkampanye “Rokok Sehat dan Berbudaya”
  46. Survei Failed State Index: Indonesia Bukan Negara Gagal
  47. Aku Ingin Anakku Gagal
  48. Lion Air Si “Pesawat Maut”, 60-70% Dikemudikan “Pilot Narkoba”?
  49. Andik Si Kancil Surabaya, Dapat Kaos dan Pujian Becham
  50. Status Komodo Unesco Vs New7Wonders, Manakah Lebih Bergengsi?
  51. Komodo 9818 Demi Status Terjebak Korbankan Uang
  52. Kumar, Milioner Dadakan Tanpa Kerja Keras dan Perjuangan?
  53. Penduduk Dunia 7 Milyar, Sebuah Krisis yang Mengancam
  54. Ketidakpedulian Manusia Modern, Biarkan Gadis Cilik Sekarat di Jalan
  55. Catur Politik SBY Vs PKS, Siapa yang Menang?
  56. Ternyata Satrio Piningit Itu Dahlan Iskan
  57. Ketika Anak Jadi Korban Blackberry Orang Tua
  58. Bang Toyib Jadi Menteri, Siapa Peduli?
  59. “Beauty In Single Touch”, Membius Para Pria
  60. Ganyang Saja, Indonesia Lemah Malaysia Agresif
  61. “Si Penyerang” KPK, Justru Bermasalah Hukum ?
  62. Bangsa Ini Hanya Disibukkan Reshuffle Kabinet
  63. Semua Penumpang Casa 212 Tewas, Terlambat Penyelamatan ?
  64. Biarlah Badai Kecil Menerpa Anak Kita
  65. Bom Terorisme, Sejuta Wajah Sejuta Sasaran
  66. Dalang Dibalik Perang Nazaruddin vs Chandra Hamzah
  67. Ternyata Kita Semua Adalah Koruptor
  68. Banggar DPR Ngambek, Ketakutan atau Arogansi?
  69. Tawuran Wajah Buram Seorang Pengecut
  70. Jangan Terlalu Cepat Salahkan Anak SMA 6
  71. Timnas, Setelah Jatuh Tertimpa Tangga
  72. Sri Mulyani, di Dunia Dihargai di Indonesia Dikebiri
  73. KORANDO, Selamatkan Minat Baca Anak Indonesia
  74. Lebaran, Ajang Pamer Lahir Batin
  75. Lebaran Muhammadiah Lebih Afdol Dibanding NU dan Pemerintah?
  76. Waktu Lebaran Tidak Ditentukan Opor Ayam
  77. Saat Lebaran Ditentukan Opor Ayam
  78. Jaga Kesehatan Anak Saat Lebaran
  79. Surat SBY-Nazaruddin, Drama Episoda Baru yang Tidak Penting
  80. Bukti Ilmiah Handphone Sebabkan Gangguan Infertilitas
  81. Nasionalisme Terinjak, Amerika Intervensi Pengadilan Ahmadiyah
  82. Nasionalisme Tergerus Demokrasi Tidak Beretika
  83. Surat Untuk SBY, Nazaruddin Sutradara Hebat
  84. Ketika Merah Putih Berkibar Lemah Saat Ramadhan
  85. Ketika Nazaruddin Sedang Depresi
  86. Mengapa Jenderal Besar Soeharto Presiden Terhebat?
  87. Nazaruddin Tidak Sakit Jantung, Tetapi “Jantungan”
  88. Koruptor Akibatkan Papua Ingin Pisah Dengan NKRI
  89. Koruptor Lebih Terhormat Dibandingkan Teroris
  90. Kehebatan Tim Pemburu atau Polisi Kolombia ?
  91. Paranoid Dalam Kemegahan Penjemputan Nazaruddin
  92. Menyingkap Misteri Tas Hitam Nazaruddin
  93. Ancaman Makanan Berbahaya di Bulan Puasa
  94. Nazaruddin Segera Di”munir”kan ?
  95. Nyanyian Nazaruddin di KPK Sebuah Antiklimaks
  96. Nazarudin Tertangkap, Kecurigaan Tidak Pernah Lenyap
  97. Pengemis Bayi Dipidana, SBY Disalahkan
  98. Citra KPK Terus Tersandera Kasus Besar
  99. Marzuki Alie, Terpeleset atau Dipelesetkan ?
  100. Jakarta Surabaya, 12 Jam Yang Mengasyikkan
  101. Kenali Baby Sitter Yang Culik Anak
  102. Pimpinan KPK Harus Seorang Superhero
  103. Partai SRI, Kolaborasi Moral dan Intelektual
  104. Kehebatan Nazaruddin, Kubur KPK Sekejap
  105. Ketika Nazaruddin, Pers, dan Rakyat Memvonis KPK
  106. Kombinasi Mukjizat Puasa dan Kehebatan Promag
  107. Mogok Pilot Garuda, Jangan Dikotori Politik
  108. Inilah Kehebatan dan Kecerdasan Nazaruddin
  109. Menang Taruhan, Nasdem Jadi Parpol
  110. Terapi Rel Kereta Dalam Perspektif Medis
  111. Pesan Untuk Nazaruddin di Negeri Antah Berantah
  112. Tangis di Pesta Hari Anak Indonesia
  113. Nazaruddin dan Keteladanan di Hari Anak Indonesia
  114. Ancaman Pornografi di Tengah Hari Anak Indonesia
  115. Politik Uang Ciptakan “Nazaruddin” di Berbagai Partai Politik
  116. Keganjilan Nyanyian Maut Nazaruddin, Bidik Anas dan KPK
  117. SBY Jangan Lawan Pers, Dirikan Media
  118. Prita, Vonis Hukum Vs Vonis Masyarakat
  119. Inilah Akhir Cerita Nazaruddin
  120. Korupsilah Larilah Ke Singapura, Tangan Tuhan Mengejarmu
  121. ERP, Sukses di Singapura Sukseskah Di Jakarta
  122. Langkanya Kejujuran, Merampas Kepolosan Dunia Anak
  123. Soeharto, Dulu Dicerca Sekarang Dipuja
  124. Bahasa Isyarat, Sebagai Stimulasi Perkembangan Anak
  125. Keringat Darah, Kelainan Darah Misterius
  126. Pengirim 100 Peti Mati Ditangkap, Modusnya Iklan buku
  127. Korea Selatan, Si Negeri Toilet
  128. Ganasnya Wabah E Coli di Eropa, Indonesia Harus Waspada
  129. Anak Kota, Melimpah Sarana Rendah Prestasi Sekolah
  130. Anna Karenina, Novel Legendaris Terbaik Sepanjang Masa
  131. Adakah Calon Teroris Dalam Keluarga Anda
  132. Bom Mapolresta, Perang Teroris dan Polisi
  133. Semut Merah, Predator Pembasmi Ulat Bulu
  134. Dalai Lama, Teladan Pemimpin Otokrat di Dunia
  135. Saatnya Dunia Sadar Bahaya Antibiotika
  136. Manusia Canggihpun Tidak Mampu Melawan Tsunami dan Gempa
  137. SBY Perfeksionis, Peragu atau Sangat Cermat ?
  138. Pornografi, Keindahan yang Berdampak Buruk
  139. PDIP Gagal Dipinang, Golkar Batal Ditendang
  140. BBM Langka, Penyebabnya Misterius
  141. Jalan 3000 Langkah Sehari Jauhkan Penyakit
  142. Rakyat Tidak Pernah Peduli Koalisi
  143. Alasan SBY Sibuk Berkoalisi
  144. Pornografi Internet Ancam Anak Indonesia
  145. Amerika Dalang Utama Revolusi Arab ?
  146. PSSI Rumit, Politik Menjepit
  147. SBY Harus Punya Televisi dan Koran
  148. Hak Angket Ditolak, Kemenangan Mafia Pajak ?
  149. Orangtua Modern Abaikan Bahasa Ibu
  150. Bila Megawati Dipanggil KPK
  151. Makam Ambles, Gus Dur Marah ?
  152. Hollywood Hilang, Arwah Goyang Kerawang Datang
  153. Garangnya Ed Force One dan Iron Maiden
  154. Remajaku, Lingkunganmu Penuh Narkoba
  155. Keterlambatan Bicara, Kapankah Harus Dikawatirkan ?
  156. Bahaya Terbesar Minuman Energi Pada Remaja dan Dewasa Muda
  157. Inilah Ketua PSSI yang Super
  158. Haramkah Hari Valentine?
  159. Mubarak Turun Militer Berkuasa, Sebuah Kemenangan Amerika
  160. Buah Simalakama SKB atau Pembubaran Ahmadiyah
  161. Polisi Selalu Dianggap Salah
  162. Ahmadiyah di Pakistan, Patutkah Ditiru ?
  163. Tokoh Lintas Agama Atasi Rusuh Agama
  164. Saling Tuding Rusuh Agama
  165. Revolusi Mesir Revolusi Digital
  166. Ketika Manusia Tidak Dimanusiakan
  167. Ahmadiyah, Perseteruan yang Tidak Pernah Berakhir
  168. Inilah Cara Merobohkan Mubarak
  169. Arogansi DPR Kriminalisasikan Kpk
  170. Anak adalah Nyawa Tak Berdaya
  171. Tangis Anak, Bukan Sekedar Tangis
  172. Imlekmu adalah Imlekku
  173. Sukses Mubarak, Hancurkan Kariernya
  174. Wabah Revolusi Melati Mengancam Indonesia ?
  175. kenali Faktor Resiko dan Gejala Autis sejak dini
  176. Sby di Dunia dihargai, di Indonesia dianggap Pembohong
  177. Mesir Harus Tiru Indonesia
  178. Crop Circle dan UFO Akan Mendarat Dimana-mana
  179. Ayo Taruhan, Nasdem Moral atau Politik?
  180. Demokrasi Keblabasan, Ganggu Hak Hidup Orang
  181. Langkanya Idealisme Dalam Informasi
  182. Pertarungan Seru Satgas Vs Mafia
  183. Gayus Seorang Psikopat?
  184. SBY Selalu Salah
  185. Jadilah Profesional Sejati atau Politikus Sejati
  186. Nyanyian “Super Gayus”, Cerita Hebat sebuah Skenario Besa

Pediatric Articles Dr Widodo Judarwanto (pediatrician)

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Artikel Kesehatan Kompas dan Kompasiana Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician

Kumpulan Artikel Kesehatan Kompas dan Kompasiana Dr Widodo Judarwanto, pediatrician

Kompasiana adalah blog jurnalis Kompas yang bertransformasi menjadi sebuah media warga (citizen media). Di sini, setiap orang dapat mewartakan peristiwa, menyampaikan pendapat dan gagasan serta menyalurkan aspirasi dalam bentuk tulisan, gambar ataupun rekaman audio dan video. Kompasiana menampung beragam konten dari semua lapisan masyarakat dari beragam latar belakang budaya, hobi, profesi dan kompetensi. Kompasiana juga melibatkan kalangan jurnalis Kompas Gramedia dan para tokoh masyarakat, pengamat serta pakar dari berbagai bidang, keahlian dan disiplin ilmu untuk ikut berbagi informasi, pendapat dan gagasan.

Di Kompasiana, setiap orang didorong menjadi seorang pewarta warga yang, atas nama dirinya sendiri, melaporkan peristiwa yang dialami atau terjadi di sekitarnya. Keterlibatan aktif warga ini diharapkan dapat mempercepat arus informasi dan memperkuat pondasi demokratisasi dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Tren jurnalisme warga seperti ini sudah mewabah di banyak negara maju sebagai konsekuensi dari lahirnya web 2.0 yang memungkinkan masyarakat pengguna internet (netizen) menempatkan dan menayangkan konten dalam bentuk teks, foto dan video.

Kompasianer adalah sebutan untuk orang-orang yang beraktifitas di Kompasiana juga dapat menyampaikan gagasan, pendapat, ulasan maupun tanggapan sepanjang tidak melanggar ketentuan yang berlaku. Setiap konten yang tayang di Kompasiana menjadi tanggungjawab Kompasianer yang menempatkannya.

KUMPULAN ARTIKEL KESEHATAN KOMPASIANER DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO, pediatrician

Artikel kesehatan

  1. Waspadai Psikopat “Vickinisasi” di Sekitar Wanita
  2. 10 Mitos Kesehatan yang Tidak Pernah Terbukti Kebenarannya
  3. Tangani Nyeri Sendi atau Rhematoid Artritis Bukan Sekedar Dengan Obat
  4. Anak dengan Teman Fantasi, Normal atau Tidak Normal?
  5. Perkembangan Normal dan Stimulasi Dini Fungsi Pendengaran Bayi
  6. Perkembangan Normal dan Stimulasi Dini Kemampuan Penglihatan Bayi
  7. 10 Jenis Radikal Bebas Ancam Manusia
  8. Anak GER (Mudah Muntah), Cermati Gangguan Oral Motor
  9. Benarkah Anak Sulit Makan Karena Kebanyakan Susu?
  10. Inilah 13 Nutrisi Penting, Tingkatkan Kecerdasan Anak
  11. 8 Cara Stimulasi Kecerdasan Multipel Pada Bayi
  12. Tindakan Berlebihan CT Scan Anak, Waspadai Dampaknya
  13. Manifestasi Klinis Influenza A virus H7 N9 Serta Penanganannya
  14. Waspadai 10 Kondisi Kehamilan Penyebab Gangguan Janin
  15. Tindakan Berlebihan Saat Demam pada Anak
  16. Pentingnya Second Opinion ke Dokter Lain
  17. 6 Cara Memilih Guru Spiritual yang Baik
  18. 10 Penyakit Paling Berbahaya Pada Anak
  19. 20 Tanda dan Gejala Alergi Salah Dipersepsikan
  20. 5 Kondisi Yang Perlu dan Tidak Perlu Antibiotika
  21. Gangguan Emosi Pada Anak Kurus atau Sulit Makan
  22. 5 Tindakan Medis Berlebihan dalam Dunia Kesehatan Indonesia
  23. 10 Kesalahan Diagnosis Paling Sering Terjadi
  24. 10 Kesalahan Diagnosis Paling Sering Terjadi
  25. Daffodil Study Dihujat, Dampak Kampanye ASI Yang Menghebat
  26. Tragisnya Love In Paris di ICU
  27. 15 Penyebab Muntah dan 15 Obat Muntah
  28. 5 Penyakit Jantung Bawaan dan Pencegahannya
  29. 15 Mitos dan Kontroversi Anak Picky Eaters dan Sulit Makan
  30. 10 Gangguan “Normal” pada Anak Usia 6 Bulan-5 Tahun
  31. 13 Gangguan Anatomis dan Fungsi Otak Penderita Autisme
  32. Obati Diare Anak Bukan Dengan Antibiotika
  33. Rekomendasi dan Petunjuk Aman Berenang Untuk Bayi dan Anak
  34. Susu Formula Terbaik, Bukan Terkenal Termahal Disukai
  35. Waspadai Pemberian Air Putih Pada Bayi
  36. Mitos Salah: Tumbuh Gigi Penyebab Demam, Diare dan Pipi Merah
  37. Terbukti Ilmiah, Madu Obat Batuk untuk Anak
  38. Gangguan Saluran Cerna Pada Bayi dan Dampak Yang Menyertai
  39. Kenali Gangguan Sensoris Pada Anak
  40. Nyeri Pada Bayi, Penanganan dan Dampak Jangka Panjangnya
  41. Benarkah Aku Alergi Debu?
  42. Benarkah Aku Alergi Dingin?
  43. Dampak dan Penanganan Terlambat Berjalan, Normalkah Anakku ?
  44. Waspadai Infeksi Rotavirus Ancam Anak Setiap Pertengahan Tahun
  45. Inilah Klinik Terhebat, Sakit Berat Apapun Sembuh Sekejap
  46. Heboh Susu Sapi Berbahaya dan Tidak Layak Dikonsumsi
  47. Ketika Tempe Menjadi Barang Mewah
  48. 20 Mukjizat Puasa terhadap Kesehatan Manusia
  49. Bayi “Over Aktif” dan Alergi, Mudah Jatuh Dari Tempat Tidur
  50. 10 Kampanye Hitam Merokok Itu Aman dan Sehat
  51. Bila Bayiku Gagal Tumbuh Saat minum ASI
  52. Aku Ingin Anakku Gagal
  53. Pink Eye, Mata Merah yang Tidak Perlu Antibiotika
  54. Kejang Demam Anak, Jangan Diremehkan Jangan Berlebihan
  55. Anak Balita Jakarta Terancam Wabah Flu Singapura
  56. Bioresonansi, Tes Alergi yang Tidak Direkomendasikan
  57. Lion Air Si “Pesawat Maut”, 60-70% Dikemudikan “Pilot Narkoba”?
  58. Jangan Abaikan Lingkar Kepala dan Ubun-Ubun Anak
  59. Bercak Merah Saat Anak Demam Tidak Harus Campak
  60. Susu Kambing dan Hipoalergenik Parsial Bukan untuk Alergi Susu Sapi
  61. Gangguan Fungsi Pencernaan dan Sulit Makan, Dianggap Normal
  62. Pejabat Psikopat, Tes Kejiwaan Bisa Cegah Korupsi
  63. Jaga Kebersihan, Hepatitis A Mewabah di Sekitar Kita
  64. Difteri Mengancam, Lihat Satus Imunisasi Anak
  65. Ketika Anak Jadi Korban Blackberry Orang Tua
  66. Kanker Pankreas, Paling Mematikan dan Sulit Dideteksi
  67. Biarlah Badai Kecil Menerpa Anak Kita
  68. Stroke Usia Muda Meningkat, Gaya Hidup Tidak Sehat
  69. Jaga Kesehatan Anak Saat Lebaran
  70. Bukti Ilmiah Handphone Sebabkan Gangguan Infertilitas
  71. Sindrom Kleine-Levin, Penderita Bisa Tertidur Sebulan
  72. Tinjauan Medis Puasa pada Anak
  73. Sindrom Steven Johnson, Sebuah Malpraktek?
  74. Menyusui Saat Puasa, Oke
  75. Sakit yang Tidak Diperbolehkan Puasa
  76. Mukjizat Puasa dalam Tinjauan Ilmiah
  77. Terapi Rel Kereta Dalam Perspektif Medis
  78. Tangis di Pesta Hari Anak Indonesia
  79. Ancaman Pornografi di Tengah Hari Anak Indonesia
  80. Waspadai Cacing Masuk Otak Manusia
  81. Langkanya Kejujuran, Merampas Kepolosan Dunia Anak
  82. Apel Paling Terkontaminasi Pestisida, Pilih Yang Aman
  83. Bahasa Isyarat, Sebagai Stimulasi Perkembangan Anak
  84. Keringat Darah, Kelainan Darah Misterius
  85. Ganasnya Wabah E Coli di Eropa, Indonesia Harus Waspada
  86. Anak Kota, Melimpah Sarana Rendah Prestasi Sekolah
  87. Anna Karenina, Novel Legendaris Terbaik Sepanjang Masa
  88. Saatnya Dunia Sadar Bahaya Antibiotika
  89. Pornografi, Keindahan yang Berdampak Buruk
  90. Jalan 3000 Langkah Sehari Jauhkan Penyakit
  91. Pornografi Internet Ancam Anak Indonesia
  92. Bayiku Haus Terus, ASI-ku Kurangkah ?
  93. Banyak Tes Alergi Tidak Direkomendasikan
  94. Alergi Debu, Dingin Atau Alergi Makanan
  95. Mengapa Anakku Kurus dan Sulit Gemuk?
  96. Anakku Cerdas, Tapi Sulit Konsentrasi
  97. Orangtua Modern Abaikan Bahasa Ibu
  98. Ingin Sukses, Tidak Naik Kelaslah
  99. Benarkah Aspartam Tidak Aman ?
  100. Remajaku, Lingkunganmu Penuh Narkoba
  101. Keterlambatan Bicara, Kapankah Harus Dikawatirkan ?
  102. Bahaya Terbesar Minuman Energi Pada Remaja dan Dewasa Muda
  103. Bahaya Jajanan Sekolah yang Selalu Mengancam
  104. Daftar Susu Aman Bebas Bakteri Sakazakii
  105. Daftar Merek Susu Terkontaminasi Sakazakii
  106. Enterobakter Sakazakii, Bakteri Pencemar Susu yang Dihebohkan
  107. Susu Formula Tidak Perlu Diumumkan?
  108. Kenali Bahaya DBD Sejak Dini
  109. Cegah Autis Sejak Sekarang
  110. Cara Bedakan DBD dan Penyakit Lainnya
  111. Waspadai “Heart Attack Adjie Massaid”, Mengancam Anda Juga
  112. Waspadai Penggunaan Antibiotika Berlebihan
  113. Benarkah Anakku Alergi Susu Sapi?
  114. Mengapa Anak Tidak Suka Sayur ?
  115. Waspadai Bukan Tbc, diobati Tbc
  116. Gangguan Penyerta Penderita Asma dan Kontroversinya
  117. Anak adalah Nyawa Tak Berdaya
  118. Tangis Anak, Bukan Sekedar Tangis
  119. Imlekmu adalah Imlekku
  120. kenali Faktor Resiko dan Gejala Autis sejak dini
  121. Stop Rokok atau Anak Anda Menderita
  122. Benarkah Diet Golongan Darah Bermanfaat ?
  123. Mengapa Aku dan Anakku Sering Sakit ?
  124. Anakku Sulit Makan dan Kurus
  125. Fakta Ilmiah MSG Aman
  126. Jangan Terlalu Cepat Percaya Diagnosis Tifus
  127. Mitos Kesehatan Terbesar Masyarakat Indonesia
  128. 10 Mitos Tidak Benar Penyebab Flu, Demam, Batuk dan Pilek
  129. Inilah Susu Formula Terbaik Bagi Anak
  130. Gayus Seorang Psikopat?
  131. Waspadai Penyakit Legionnaire Ancam Indonesia

Politik, Budaya  dan Sosial

  1. DPR, Polisi, dan Pengadilan Juara Korupsi, Justru Profesi Paling Diburu
  2. Jokowi vs Ruhut, Sikap Negarawan Elegan Jokowi Muncul
  3. Benarkah Fenomena Jokowi Melejit Karena Kaderisasi Partai
  4. 10 Mitos Kesehatan yang Tidak Pernah Terbukti Kebenarannya
  5. Benarkah Fenomena Jokowi Meroket Karena Peranan Media ?
  6. Jokowi-Dahlan Iskan, Duet Maut atau Musuh Bebuyutan
  7. Fenomena Jokowi, Antara Fakta dan Mitos
  8. Ahmad Dani, Ayah Favorit Remaja Modern
  9. Kritisisasi Vicky Terhadap Harmonisisasi Koruptor dan Kontroversi Hati KPK
  10. Fenomena Jokowi Karena Karisma
  11. Pesan untuk Dul, Ahmad Dani dan Seluruh Orang Tua di Indonesia
  12. Teror Terhadap Polisi Lagi: Provost Ditembak Mati di Depan KPK
  13. Masih Saja PDIP Berat Hati Terhadap Jokowi
  14. Benarkah Si Dul Tidak Mempunyai SIM?
  15. Anak GER (Mudah Muntah), Cermati Gangguan Oral Motor
  16. Hanya Premanisme Militer yang Bisa Hentikan Premanisme Sipil?
  17. SBY Ketum Simbolik, Masalah Bagi yang Apriori
  18. Palopo, Demokrasi Tidak Siap Kalah Mahal Harganya
  19. 6 Cara Memilih Guru Spiritual yang Baik
  20. Mudahnya Mengungkap Pelaku Penembakan Lapas Cebongan
  21. Kesaktian Eyang Guru dan Irasionalitas Muridnya
  22. Demo 25 Maret, Tidak Cerdas Tapi Kreatif?
  23. Premanisme Militer, Lebih Brutal dan Mengerikan
  24. Boaz Mengejutkan Andik Tak Muncul, Supporter Gigit Jari
  25. Gangguan Emosi Pada Anak Kurus atau Sulit Makan
  26. Habibi Tokoh Paling Inspiratif yang Tergusur
  27. Jakarta Dikepung Banjir, Jakarta Terancam Penyakit
  28. RSBI Dihapus, MK Terjebak Isu Primordial yang Dangkal
  29. Perbedaan Nazarudin dan Angelina Sondahk
  30. MK Hapus RSBI, MK Hapus Liberalisasi Kesehatan
  31. Jokowi Blusukan Oke, SBY Turba Kece
  32. Inilah 10 Inspiring Leadership Tahun 2013
  33. Daffodil Study Dihujat, Dampak Kampanye ASI Yang Menghebat
  34. Tragisnya Love In Paris di ICU
  35. Menunggu Detik-detik Datangnya Kiamat
  36. Strategi Progresif Antisipasi Karamnya Partai Demokrat
  37. Ruhut Ikon Politikus Kontroversial, Terlibas SBY vs Anas
  38. NU, Muhammadiah dan Pemerintah Sepakat Lebaran Jatuh Pada 1 Syawal
  39. Rhoma Irama dan Isu SARA, Bolehkah?
  40. Isu SARA, Siapa Takut?
  41. Pesan Politik Untuk Jokowi dan Foke
  42. Pesan SBY Ditendang, Menteri Parpol Terus Berlenggang
  43. Tidak Ada Pembaharuan Perbedaan Kriteria Hisab Rukyat, Pemerintah Menanggung Deritanya
  44. Jokowi Selalu Oke-Foke Selalu Salah, Anugerah Karisma
  45. Ketika TVOne dan Tokoh Nasional Berkampanye “Rokok Sehat dan Berbudaya”
  46. Survei Failed State Index: Indonesia Bukan Negara Gagal
  47. Aku Ingin Anakku Gagal
  48. Lion Air Si “Pesawat Maut”, 60-70% Dikemudikan “Pilot Narkoba”?
  49. Andik Si Kancil Surabaya, Dapat Kaos dan Pujian Becham
  50. Status Komodo Unesco Vs New7Wonders, Manakah Lebih Bergengsi?
  51. Komodo 9818 Demi Status Terjebak Korbankan Uang
  52. Kumar, Milioner Dadakan Tanpa Kerja Keras dan Perjuangan?
  53. Penduduk Dunia 7 Milyar, Sebuah Krisis yang Mengancam
  54. Ketidakpedulian Manusia Modern, Biarkan Gadis Cilik Sekarat di Jalan
  55. Catur Politik SBY Vs PKS, Siapa yang Menang?
  56. Ternyata Satrio Piningit Itu Dahlan Iskan
  57. Ketika Anak Jadi Korban Blackberry Orang Tua
  58. Bang Toyib Jadi Menteri, Siapa Peduli?
  59. “Beauty In Single Touch”, Membius Para Pria
  60. Ganyang Saja, Indonesia Lemah Malaysia Agresif
  61. “Si Penyerang” KPK, Justru Bermasalah Hukum ?
  62. Bangsa Ini Hanya Disibukkan Reshuffle Kabinet
  63. Semua Penumpang Casa 212 Tewas, Terlambat Penyelamatan ?
  64. Biarlah Badai Kecil Menerpa Anak Kita
  65. Bom Terorisme, Sejuta Wajah Sejuta Sasaran
  66. Dalang Dibalik Perang Nazaruddin vs Chandra Hamzah
  67. Ternyata Kita Semua Adalah Koruptor
  68. Banggar DPR Ngambek, Ketakutan atau Arogansi?
  69. Tawuran Wajah Buram Seorang Pengecut
  70. Jangan Terlalu Cepat Salahkan Anak SMA 6
  71. Timnas, Setelah Jatuh Tertimpa Tangga
  72. Sri Mulyani, di Dunia Dihargai di Indonesia Dikebiri
  73. KORANDO, Selamatkan Minat Baca Anak Indonesia
  74. Lebaran, Ajang Pamer Lahir Batin
  75. Lebaran Muhammadiah Lebih Afdol Dibanding NU dan Pemerintah?
  76. Waktu Lebaran Tidak Ditentukan Opor Ayam
  77. Saat Lebaran Ditentukan Opor Ayam
  78. Jaga Kesehatan Anak Saat Lebaran
  79. Surat SBY-Nazaruddin, Drama Episoda Baru yang Tidak Penting
  80. Bukti Ilmiah Handphone Sebabkan Gangguan Infertilitas
  81. Nasionalisme Terinjak, Amerika Intervensi Pengadilan Ahmadiyah
  82. Nasionalisme Tergerus Demokrasi Tidak Beretika
  83. Surat Untuk SBY, Nazaruddin Sutradara Hebat
  84. Ketika Merah Putih Berkibar Lemah Saat Ramadhan
  85. Ketika Nazaruddin Sedang Depresi
  86. Mengapa Jenderal Besar Soeharto Presiden Terhebat?
  87. Nazaruddin Tidak Sakit Jantung, Tetapi “Jantungan”
  88. Koruptor Akibatkan Papua Ingin Pisah Dengan NKRI
  89. Koruptor Lebih Terhormat Dibandingkan Teroris
  90. Kehebatan Tim Pemburu atau Polisi Kolombia ?
  91. Paranoid Dalam Kemegahan Penjemputan Nazaruddin
  92. Menyingkap Misteri Tas Hitam Nazaruddin
  93. Ancaman Makanan Berbahaya di Bulan Puasa
  94. Nazaruddin Segera Di”munir”kan ?
  95. Nyanyian Nazaruddin di KPK Sebuah Antiklimaks
  96. Nazarudin Tertangkap, Kecurigaan Tidak Pernah Lenyap
  97. Pengemis Bayi Dipidana, SBY Disalahkan
  98. Citra KPK Terus Tersandera Kasus Besar
  99. Marzuki Alie, Terpeleset atau Dipelesetkan ?
  100. Jakarta Surabaya, 12 Jam Yang Mengasyikkan
  101. Kenali Baby Sitter Yang Culik Anak
  102. Pimpinan KPK Harus Seorang Superhero
  103. Partai SRI, Kolaborasi Moral dan Intelektual
  104. Kehebatan Nazaruddin, Kubur KPK Sekejap
  105. Ketika Nazaruddin, Pers, dan Rakyat Memvonis KPK
  106. Kombinasi Mukjizat Puasa dan Kehebatan Promag
  107. Mogok Pilot Garuda, Jangan Dikotori Politik
  108. Inilah Kehebatan dan Kecerdasan Nazaruddin
  109. Menang Taruhan, Nasdem Jadi Parpol
  110. Terapi Rel Kereta Dalam Perspektif Medis
  111. Pesan Untuk Nazaruddin di Negeri Antah Berantah
  112. Tangis di Pesta Hari Anak Indonesia
  113. Nazaruddin dan Keteladanan di Hari Anak Indonesia
  114. Ancaman Pornografi di Tengah Hari Anak Indonesia
  115. Politik Uang Ciptakan “Nazaruddin” di Berbagai Partai Politik
  116. Keganjilan Nyanyian Maut Nazaruddin, Bidik Anas dan KPK
  117. SBY Jangan Lawan Pers, Dirikan Media
  118. Prita, Vonis Hukum Vs Vonis Masyarakat
  119. Inilah Akhir Cerita Nazaruddin
  120. Korupsilah Larilah Ke Singapura, Tangan Tuhan Mengejarmu
  121. ERP, Sukses di Singapura Sukseskah Di Jakarta
  122. Langkanya Kejujuran, Merampas Kepolosan Dunia Anak
  123. Soeharto, Dulu Dicerca Sekarang Dipuja
  124. Bahasa Isyarat, Sebagai Stimulasi Perkembangan Anak
  125. Keringat Darah, Kelainan Darah Misterius
  126. Pengirim 100 Peti Mati Ditangkap, Modusnya Iklan buku
  127. Korea Selatan, Si Negeri Toilet
  128. Ganasnya Wabah E Coli di Eropa, Indonesia Harus Waspada
  129. Anak Kota, Melimpah Sarana Rendah Prestasi Sekolah
  130. Anna Karenina, Novel Legendaris Terbaik Sepanjang Masa
  131. Adakah Calon Teroris Dalam Keluarga Anda
  132. Bom Mapolresta, Perang Teroris dan Polisi
  133. Semut Merah, Predator Pembasmi Ulat Bulu
  134. Dalai Lama, Teladan Pemimpin Otokrat di Dunia
  135. Saatnya Dunia Sadar Bahaya Antibiotika
  136. Manusia Canggihpun Tidak Mampu Melawan Tsunami dan Gempa
  137. SBY Perfeksionis, Peragu atau Sangat Cermat ?
  138. Pornografi, Keindahan yang Berdampak Buruk
  139. PDIP Gagal Dipinang, Golkar Batal Ditendang
  140. BBM Langka, Penyebabnya Misterius
  141. Jalan 3000 Langkah Sehari Jauhkan Penyakit
  142. Rakyat Tidak Pernah Peduli Koalisi
  143. Alasan SBY Sibuk Berkoalisi
  144. Pornografi Internet Ancam Anak Indonesia
  145. Amerika Dalang Utama Revolusi Arab ?
  146. PSSI Rumit, Politik Menjepit
  147. SBY Harus Punya Televisi dan Koran
  148. Hak Angket Ditolak, Kemenangan Mafia Pajak ?
  149. Orangtua Modern Abaikan Bahasa Ibu
  150. Bila Megawati Dipanggil KPK
  151. Makam Ambles, Gus Dur Marah ?
  152. Hollywood Hilang, Arwah Goyang Kerawang Datang
  153. Garangnya Ed Force One dan Iron Maiden
  154. Remajaku, Lingkunganmu Penuh Narkoba
  155. Keterlambatan Bicara, Kapankah Harus Dikawatirkan ?
  156. Bahaya Terbesar Minuman Energi Pada Remaja dan Dewasa Muda
  157. Inilah Ketua PSSI yang Super
  158. Haramkah Hari Valentine?
  159. Mubarak Turun Militer Berkuasa, Sebuah Kemenangan Amerika
  160. Buah Simalakama SKB atau Pembubaran Ahmadiyah
  161. Polisi Selalu Dianggap Salah
  162. Ahmadiyah di Pakistan, Patutkah Ditiru ?
  163. Tokoh Lintas Agama Atasi Rusuh Agama
  164. Saling Tuding Rusuh Agama
  165. Revolusi Mesir Revolusi Digital
  166. Ketika Manusia Tidak Dimanusiakan
  167. Ahmadiyah, Perseteruan yang Tidak Pernah Berakhir
  168. Inilah Cara Merobohkan Mubarak
  169. Arogansi DPR Kriminalisasikan Kpk
  170. Anak adalah Nyawa Tak Berdaya
  171. Tangis Anak, Bukan Sekedar Tangis
  172. Imlekmu adalah Imlekku
  173. Sukses Mubarak, Hancurkan Kariernya
  174. Wabah Revolusi Melati Mengancam Indonesia ?
  175. kenali Faktor Resiko dan Gejala Autis sejak dini
  176. Sby di Dunia dihargai, di Indonesia dianggap Pembohong
  177. Mesir Harus Tiru Indonesia
  178. Crop Circle dan UFO Akan Mendarat Dimana-mana
  179. Ayo Taruhan, Nasdem Moral atau Politik?
  180. Demokrasi Keblabasan, Ganggu Hak Hidup Orang
  181. Langkanya Idealisme Dalam Informasi
  182. Pertarungan Seru Satgas Vs Mafia
  183. Gayus Seorang Psikopat?
  184. SBY Selalu Salah
  185. Jadilah Profesional Sejati atau Politikus Sejati
  186. Nyanyian “Super Gayus”, Cerita Hebat sebuah Skenario Besa

Pediatric Articles Dr Widodo Judarwanto (pediatrician)

 www.tumbuhkembanganakku.com

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Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider

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Kenali Autism Sejak Dini Dari Tangisan Bayi

Kenali Autism Sejak Dini Dari Tangisan Bayi

Autisme ternyata dapat dideteksi sejak dini melalui suara tangisan bayi. Bayi yang memiliki tangisan dengan nada tinggi dan suara bervariasi diduga lebih beresiko tinggi mengalami gangguan autisme. Kesimpulan tersebut adalah hasil dari penelitian awal yang dilakukan pada 39 bayi berusia 6 bulan. Sebanyak 21 bayi di antaranya memiliki resiko autisme karena memiliki saudara kandung dengan kondisi yang sama. Selain itu penelitian tersebut mengungkapkan bahwa tangisan bayi berkaitan dengan perkembangan otak. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan bayi yang rewel pada usia 1 bulan memiliki peningkatan resiko masalah kesehatan mental seperti gangguan pemusatan perhatian dan hiperaktif.

Para peneliti membuat analisa yang menunjukkan tangisan bayi dengan risiko mengidap autisme memiliki nada yang lebih tinggi dan lebih bervariasi daripada bayi yang tidak berisiko tinggi untuk autisme. Hasil ini hanya berlaku ketika tangisan disebabkan oleh rasa sakit, seperti ketika bayi jatuh dan kepalanya terbentur.

Sayangnya perbedaan nada tangisan ini mungkin tidak dapat didengar oleh telinga biasa tetapi harus dengan bantuan komputer. Sehingga hal ini bukanlah yang utama yang harus didengarkan oleh orangtua di rumah. Pada saat anak-anak dalam penelitian ini sudah mencapai usia 3 tahun, tiga dari mereka didiagnosis mengidap autisme. Ketiga anak ini saat bayi memiliki teriakan yang termasuk yang tertinggi, kata para peneliti. Mereka juga memiliki teriakan yang terdengar lebih tegang, dengan “latar belakang” yang lebih bising, menurut analisis komputer.

Hasil riset ini menunjukkan tangisan bayi usia 6 bulan dapat digunakan, bersama dengan faktor lain, untuk menentukan risiko bayi mengidap autisme sejak dini, kata para peneliti. Penelitian ini dapat bermanfaat sebagai referensi sehingga identifikasi bisa dilakukan lebih awal.

Penelitian sebelumnya telah menyatakan bahwa anak dengan usia 1 tahun sudah dapat diidentifikasi ketika ia beresiko tinggi mengidap autis karena membuat suara dan teriakan yang tidak khas. Namun sebelumnya belum ada yang meneliti pada anak-anak berumur enam bulan.

Namun hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian awal ini memerlukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk mendapatkan hasil yang lebih relevan.

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WORKING TOGETHER SUPPORT TO THE HEALTH OF ALL CHILDREN BY CLINICAL, RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONS. Advancing of the future pediatric and future parenting to optimalized physical, mental and social health and well being for fetal, newborn, infant, children, adolescents and young adult

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Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider

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